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Comparison of an imaging software and manual prediction of soft tissue changes after orthognathic surgery

Authors: Ahmad Akhoundi MS, Shirani G, Arshad M, Heidar H, Sodagar A.
Keywords: Dolphin Imaging Software, Prediction, Visual Treatment Objectives (VTO)
(J Dent (Tehran, Vol.9, No.3, 2012,Page:,Number of Page:178-187



Accurate prediction of the surgical outcome is important in treating dentofacial deformities. Visualized treatment objectives usually involve manual surgical simulation based on tracing of cephalometric radiographs. Recent technical advancements have led to the use of computer assisted imaging systems in treatment planning for orthognathic surgical cases. The purpose of this study was to examine and compare the ability and reliability of digitization using Dolphin Imaging Software with traditional manual techniques and to compare orthognathic prediction with actual outcomes.


Forty patients consisting of 35 women and 5 men (32 class III and 8 class II) with no previous surgery were evaluated by manual tracing and indirect digitization using Dolphin Imaging Software. Reliability of each method was assessed then the two techniques were compared using paired t test.


The nasal tip presented the least predicted error and higher reliability. The least accurate regions in vertical plane were subnasal and upper lip, and subnasal and pogonion in horizontal plane. There were no statistically significant differences between the predictions of groups with and without genioplasty.